Pam Hanley is currently undertaking a part-time PhD which looks at the inter-relationship of science and religion in school, focusing on the teaching of the origin of life. Her ‘day job’ is research fellow at the Institute for Effective Education, University of York, where she works mainly on the development and evaluation of literacy and numeracy programmes for primary schools. She is also involved in a systematic review of research into effective science programmes. Previously, she worked on an evaluation of 21st Century Science at the University of Southampton, and also conducted assessments of teacher professional development for the Science Learning Centre South East. Before that she worked in a variety of jobs, including as a researcher for the Co-op and the television regulator, and as a journalist on Which? Magazine.