Until very recently Caroline Tee ws Research Associate on the project Science and Scripture in Christianity and Islam. She worked alongside Dr Hilary Marlow in exploring the ways in which Muslim and Christian scientists from different contexts relate their scriptures and traditions to the scientific worlds in which they operate.

Caroline is a social anthropologist of Islam and prior to this project she was postdoctoral research assistant in the Department of Archaeology and Anthropology at Bristol University. Her research there focused on a major Turkish religious organisation, the Gulen Movement, and explored its engagement as a pious religious group with modern science and science education. Her research monograph derived from this research, entitled The Gulen Movement in Turkey: The Politics of Islam, Science and Modernity, is under contract with I.B. Tauris for publication in 2016.

Caroline originally studied for an undergraduate degree in English Literature at Durham University, before living and working in Turkey for five years. She subsequently gained a Masters degree in Islamic Studies at Exeter, before continuing for her PhD in Social Anthropology and Religious Studies at Bristol. Her doctoral work focused on the Alevi community in Turkey, and examined the urbanisation and reformulation of the Alevi tradition that has been on-going since the end of the 20th century.

Caroline also has research interests in the broader field of Islamic mysticism and the Sufi poetic tradition, and teaches regularly on Islam at various academic institutions in the UK.   She takes up her new position as Senior Lecturer at Chester University in September 2018.


Monograph (under contract)

  • The Gulen Movement in Turkey: The Politics of Islam, Science and Modernity (London: I.B. Tauris, forthcoming).

Refereed journal articles

  • 2014 Tee, Caroline and Shankland, David. Said Nursi’s Notion of Sacred Science: Its Function and Application in Hizmet High School Education, in Sociology of Islam 1:3-4, pp. 209-232.
  • 2013 Tee, Caroline. The Sufi Mystical Idiom in Alevi Ashik Poetry: Flexibility, Adaptation and Meaning, in European Journal of Turkish Studies (Online publication date: 29-01-13).
  • 2010 Tee, Caroline. Holy Lineages, Migration and Reformulation of Alevi Tradition: A Study of the Dervish Cemal Ocak from Erzincan, in British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, vol 37(3), pp. 335-392.

Book chapters

  • 2015 (in preparation by invitation) Tee, Caroline. The Dervish Cemal Ocak: an ethnographic reading of Alevi history between Dersim and western Anatolia, in Alevi Identity Revisited (eds. Hege Irene Markussen and Besim Can Zihr), Leiden: Brill.
  • 2014 Tee, Caroline. On The Path of Pir Sultan? Engagement with Authority in the Modern Alevi Movement, pp.25-39 in Contemporary Turkey at a Glance. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Local and Translocal Dynamics (eds. F. Keyman, A. Kaya, O. Onursal, K. Kamp) Wiesbaden: Springer.
  • 2013 Tee, Caroline. Seyfili Dede: The Life History of an Alevi Dede-Ashik, pp.155-169 in Archaeology, Anthropology and Heritage in the Balkans and Anatolia: The Life and Times of F.W. Hasluck (ed. David Shankland) Istanbul: Isis Press.

Other articles

  • 2012   Dervish Cemal Ocak: Bati Anadolu’da kutsal bir tarihi yeniden hatirlamak (The Dervish Cemal Ocak: Reclaiming a Sacred History in Western Anatolia), in The Voice of Alevis, Vol. 160, Special Issue: Alevi Geography.


  • 2010 Turkish to English translation of Amed Gokcen’s Notes from the Field: Yezidism: A New Voice and an Evolving Culture in Every Setting, in British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, vol 87(3), 405-427.

Book reviews

  • 2013 Hakan M. Yavuz, Towards an Islamic Enlightenment: The Gulen Movement (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013). Reviewed in American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences (AJISS), vol. 31.1.
  • 2015 Iren Ozgur, Islamic Schools in Modern Turkey: Faith, Politics, and Education (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012). Reviewed in International Journal of Turkish Studies, vol. 21.
  • 2015 (in preparation) Kimberly Hart, And Then We Work for God: Rural Sunni Islam in Western Turkey (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2013). For review in Journal of the Royal Anthropological Society (JRAI).

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